From the blog

Induction Chemo+Immunotherapy in Resectable Epithelioid and Biphasic Pleural Mesothelioma (CHIMERA Study) (CHIMERA)

Published: January 5, 2024

Primary Outcome Measures

  • Primary endpoint – To evaluate the activity of neo-adjuvant treatment by the determination of pathological complete response rate (pCR)

Secondary Outcome Measures

  • Secondary endpoint – To further evaluate the activity of neo-adjuvant treatment in terms of major pathological response.
  • Secondary endpoint – To further evaluate the activity of neo-adjuvant treatment in terms of overall response rate (ORR).
  • Secondary endpoint – To evaluate the efficacy of neo-adjuvant treatment in terms of overall survival (OS).
  • Secondary endpoint – To evaluate the efficacy of neo-adjuvant treatment in terms of event free survival (EFS).
  • Secondary endpoint – To evaluate the feasibility of neo-adjuvant treatment in terms of resection rate and rate of patients who complete all cycles of neoadjuvant treatment and following surgery.
  • Secondary endpoint – To evaluate the safety profile of neoadjuvant treatment

Inclusion Criteria

  • Male/female participants who are at least 18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent with histologically confirmed diagnosis of surgical resectable stage I-IIIA treatment-naïve epithelioid/biphasic pleural mesothelioma will be enrolled in this study.
  • Diagnosis of epithelioid/biphasic pleural mesothelioma must be histologically confirmed, preferably by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS).
  • At screening, complete surgical resection of the mesothelioma must be deemed achievable, as assessed by a multidisciplinary evaluation.
  • The participant (or legally acceptable representative if applicable) provides written informed consent for the trial.
  • Measurable disease, defined as at least 1 lesion measured in two positions at three separate levels on transverse cuts of CT scan that is suitable for repeated assessment using modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours [m-RECIST 1.1] for pleural mesothelioma.
  • Histologically proved diagnosis of treatment-naive epithelioid/biphasic pleural mesothelioma.
  • Surgical resectable disease [stage I – II – IIIA (T1-3 – N0/1-M0) according to eight TNM edition].
  • No previous surgical resection of mesothelioma.
  • Archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained [core, incisional or excisional] biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated has been provided. Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks are preferred to slides. Newly obtained biopsies are preferred to archived tissue.
  • Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1.
  • Has adequate PFT defined as an FEV1 >50% (of predicted normal volume) or ≥ 1.2 L/Sec and a DLCO >40% of predicted normal value. Participants for whom DLCO measurements are not available will be deemed to have adequate oxygen transfer if pulse oximetry (O2 saturation) ≥90% room air.
  • Have adequate organ function as defined in the following table (Table 3). Specimens must be collected within 10 days prior to the start of study intervention.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Primitive peritoneal, pericardial and tunica vaginalis testis mesotheliomas.
  • Cytological diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma not histologically confirmed.
  • Prior treatment with systemic anti-cancer therapy for pleural mesothelioma, prior intraoperative intracavitary chemotherapy for pleural mesothelioma, prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug.
  • Subjects with interstitial lung disease that is symptomatic or may interfere with the detection or management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicity.
  • Has uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as Investigator’s judgment (eg. Unstable ischemia, uncontrolled symptomatic arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, QTcF prolongation > 500 millisecond) or participants with congenital long QT syndrome.
  • Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study intervention or radiation-related toxicities requiring corticosteroids. Note: Two weeks or fewer of palliative radiotherapy for non-CNS disease is permitted. The last radiotherapy treatment must have been performed at least 7 days before the first dose of study intervention.
  • Has received an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to study intervention administration.
  • Known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 5 years. Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or adequately treated carcinoma in-situ without evidence of disease are not excluded. Participants with low-risk early-stage prostate cancer (T1-T2a, Gleason score ≤6, and PSA <10 ng/mL) either treated with definitive intent or untreated in active surveillance with stable disease are not excluded.
  • Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years except replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid).
  • History of Hepatitis B (defined as HbsAg reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as detectable HCV RNA [qualitative]) infection.
  • Has not adequately recovered from major surgery or has ongoing surgical complications.
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality or other circumstance that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant’s participation for the full duration of the study, such that it is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  • Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  • History of HIV infection. HIV testing is not required unless mandated by local health authority.
Contact Us
Have you received a diagnosis? *