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Randomized, Double-blind Study Comparing Tremelimumab to Placebo in Subjects With Unresectable Malignant Mesothelioma

Published: April 30, 2013

Primary Outcome Measures:

  • Overall survival (OS) time by treatment arm [ Time Frame: Time from randomization until death due to any cause, assessed up to 3 years. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • The primary analysis of OS will be performed after a number of deaths have occurred among the approximately 180 participants randomized. For participants who are alive at the time of the primary analysis or lost to follow-up, OS will be censored on the last date when participants are known to be alive.

Secondary Outcome Measures:

  • Durable disease control rate by treatment arm [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to disease progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 3 years. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Durable DCR is defined as the proportion of participants with best response of complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) of ≥ 6 months duration
  • Length of progression-free survival by treatment arm [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to disease progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 3 years. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival will be measured from randomization to the first documentation of disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first.
  • Overall response rate by treatment arm [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to disease progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 3 years. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    >Overall response rate is defined as the proportion of participants with confirmed CR or PR.
  • Duration of response by treatment arm [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to disease progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 3 years. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of response will be defined as the duration from the first documentation of objective response (CR or PR) to the first documented disease progression.
  • Number of participants reporting any adverse event [ Time Frame: Day 1- 90 days post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Any untoward medical occurrence in a patient or clinical investigation participants administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment.
  • Number of participants with changes in patient-reported outcomes [ Time Frame: Time from randomization to disease progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 3 years. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Patient-reported outcomes as measured by the LCSS-Meso (for disease-related symptoms and health-related QoL), EQ-5D-3L (for health status), and BPI-sf (for pain) will be summarized descriptively; the change from baseline for total score and individual domain scores by treatment arm at each time point will be explored.
  • Number of participants reporting any serious adverse event [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 90 days post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of participants with anti-drug antibodies [ Time Frame: Week 5 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The immunogenicity titer will be reported for samples confirmed positive for the presence of anti tremelimumab antibodies.
  • Tremelimumab blood concentration [ Time Frame: Week 5 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Tremelimumab concentration data and summary statistics will be tabulated.

Detailed Description:

This is a Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study. Subjects with unresectable pleural or peritoneal malignant mesothelioma will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive either tremelimumab or placebo.

Randomization will be stratified by EORTC status (low-risk vs high-risk), line of therapy (second vs third), and anatomical site (pleural vs peritoneal). This study plans to use the EORTC to stratify subjects into high or low risk groups in order to ensure balanced randomization to the different treatment groups. For subjects in whom pemetrexed was contraindicated or not tolerated or not an approved therapy (eg, peritoneal mesothelioma), prior therapy with a first-line platinum-based regimen is required. Approximately 180 subjects will be enrolled at study centers in multiple countries.

The study consists of a screening period, a treatment period, and a 90-day follow-up period.

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion criteria:
  • Histologically and/or cytologically confirmed pleural or peritoneal malignant mesothelioma. Disease not amenable to curative surgery;
  • Age 18 and over at the time of consent;
  • ECOG Performance status 0-1;
  • Previous receipt of 1-2 prior systemic chemotherapies that included first-line pemetrexed (or anti-folate)-based regimen in combination with platinum agent;
  • Recovered from all toxicities associated with prior treatment;
  • Measurable disease;
  • Adequate bone marrow, hepatic, and renal function;
  • Negative screening test results for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis A, B and C;
  • Written informed consent and any locally required authorization (eg, HIPAA in the USA, EU Data Privacy Directive authorization in the EU) obtained from the subject/legal representative prior to performing any protocol-related procedures, including screening evaluations;
  • Females of childbearing potential who are sexually active with a nonsterilized male partner must use a highly effective method of contraception for 28 days prior to the first dose of investigational product, and must agree to continue using such precautions for 6 months after the final dose of investigational product;
  • Nonsterilized males who are sexually active with a female partner of childbearing potential must use a highly effective method of contraception from Day 1 through 90 post last dose.
Exclusion criteria:
  • Received any prior monoclonal antibody against CTLA-4, programmed cell death 1 (PD1) or programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1);
  • History of chronic inflammatory or autoimmune disease;
  • Active, untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastasis;
  • History of other malignancy unless the subject has been disease-free for at least 3 years. Non-invasive cancer history (such as carcinoma in situ [CIS] that has been resected) is allowed;
  • Pregnant or breast feeding at time of consent;
  • Any condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of information and consent and compliance with the requirements of this protocol;
  • Active or history of diverticulitis. Note that diverticulosis is permitted;
  • Active or history of inflammatory bowel disease (eg, colitis, Crohn’s), irritable bowel disease, celiac disease or other serious gastrointestinal chronic conditions associated with diarrhea. Active or history of systemic lupus erythematosis or Wegener’s granulomatosis;
  • History of sarcoidosis syndrome;
  • Currently receiving systemic corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications;
  • Subjects should not be vaccinated with live attenuated vaccines within one month prior to starting tremelimumab treatment;
  • The last dose of prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy (with the exception of palliative radiotherapy) was received less than 2 weeks prior to randomization;
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of the investigational product or interpretation of subject safety or study results;
  • Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study or receipt of an investigational product within the last 4 weeks (participation in the survival follow-up period of a study is not an exclusion criterion);
  • Employees of the study site directly involved with the conduct of the study, or immediate family members of any such individuals.
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