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Study of CAR.70-engineered IL15-transduced Cord Blood-derived NK Cells in Conjunction With Lymphodepleting Chemotherapy for the Management of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma, Mesothelioma and Osteosarcoma

Published: February 3, 2023

Primary Outcome Measures

  1. Incidence of Adverse Events, Graded According to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) Version (v) 5.0 [ Time Frame: through study completion; an average of 1 year. ]

Inclusion Criteria

  • Signed consent to long-term follow-up on protocol PA17-0483
  • Patients with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma, osteosarcoma or mesothelioma, with an expression of CD70 in the pre-enrollment tumor sample ≥ 10% measured by immunohistochemistry or flow cytometry.
  • Patients must meet disease-specific eligibility criteria (see below).
  • Patients must be at least 2 weeks from last cytotoxic chemotherapy at the time of first administration of lymphodepleting chemotherapy. Patients may continue tyrosine kinase inhibitors or other targeted therapies until at least 3 days prior to administration of lymphodepleting chemotherapy.
  • Patients must be at least 3 months from any cell therapy for malignancy.
  • Localized radiotherapy to 1 or more disease sites is allowed prior to the lymphodepleting chemotherapy, provided that there are additional measurable non-irradiated disease sites.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status < 2 (Appendix A).
  • Adequate organ function at screening, as defined by the following:
    1. Renal: Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL or estimated glomerular filtration rate (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation) ≥30 ml/min/1.73 m2
    2. Hepatic: alanine transaminase (ALT)/aspartate transaminase (AST) ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or ≤ 5 x ULN if documented liver metastases, total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL or ≤ 3.0 mg/dL for patients with Gilbert’s Syndrome. No history of liver cirrhosis and no ascites.
    3. Cardiac: Cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 50%, no clinically significant pericardial effusion as determined by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan, and no symptomatic cardiac disease or history of serious ventricular arrhythmia (ie, ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation), high-grade atrioventricular block, or other cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic medications (except for atrial fibrillation that is well controlled with anti-arrhythmic medication)
    4. Pulmonary: No clinically significant pleural effusion (per principal investigator [PI] judgement), and baseline oxygen saturation ≥ 92% on room air,
    5. Hematological: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000/mm3, platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm3, and hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL
    6. Coagulation: International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 ULN and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 ULN. Patients on therapeutic doses of anticoagulation medication must have INR and/or aPTT ≤ the upper limit of the therapeutic range for intended use.
  • Able to provide written informed consent.
  • Aged 18-80 years.
  • Weight ≥40 kg.
  • All male and female patients who are able to have children must practice effective birth control while on study therapy and for up to 3 months post completion of study therapy. Acceptable forms of birth control for female patients include: hormonal birth control, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence. Female patients who become pregnant or suspect pregnancy must immediately notify their doctor. Females patients who become pregnant will be taken off study. Men who are able to have children must use effective birth control while on the study therapy. Acceptable forms of birth control for male patients include: condom with spermicide or abstinence. If the male patient fathers a child or suspects that he has fathered a child while on the study, he must immediately notify his doctor.
  • Negative serum or urine beta human chorionic gonadotropin pregnancy test for females of childbearing potential (defined as not postmenopausal for 24 months or no previous surgical sterilization or lactating females) at screening.

Disease-specific inclusion criteria:

  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
    1. Patients must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of Stage 4 RCC with a clear cell component.
    2. Patients must have received at least 1 prior line of therapy for recurrent or metastatic disease, including both PD-1/programmed cell death-ligand 1 immunotherapy and anti-angiogenic-directed treatment, such as a tyrosine kinase inhibitor.
    3. Patients must have at least 1 measurable lesion >10 mm on computed tomography (CT) per the RECIST v1.1.
  • Mesothelioma
    1. Patients must have pathologically confirmed mesothelioma
    2. Patients must have progressive, recurrent, or refractory disease (local recurrence) or new disease after all curative measures, including first-line chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiotherapy
    3. Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease per the RECIST v1.1 at enrollment.
  • Osteosarcoma
    1. Patients must have histologically confirmed osteosarcoma that is recurrent or refractory and for which standard curative measures do not exist or are no longer effective. Must have histologic verification of their disease at diagnosis or at relapse.
    2. Patients must have at least:
      • Progressive, recurrent, or refractory disease (local recurrence) or new disease after all curative measures, including first-line chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and radiotherapy
      • Evidence of persistent and progressive disease on imaging, which may include fludeoxyglucose F-18 positron emission tomography (PET)-avid metastasis, that has failed to achieve CR to upfront conventional therapy (surgery, chemotherapy), excluding lung metastases amenable to surgical resection.
    3. Patients must have evaluable or measurable disease per the RECIST v1.1 at enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Presence of clinically significant ≥ Grade 3 toxicity from previous anticancer treatment, as determined by the PI.
  • Presence of fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection requiring IV antimicrobials for management or not responding to appropriate therapy. Note: Patients with simple urinary tract infection and uncomplicated bacterial pharyngitis are permitted if responding to active treatment. to active treatment.
  • Active hepatitis B or C. Human immunodeficiency virus with detectable viral load.
  • Presence of active neurological disorder(s).
  • Active autoimmune disease within 12 months of enrollment (excluding low-grade psoriasis or well-controlled autoimmune thyroid disease).
  • Amyloidosis or POEMS syndrome.
  • Symptomatic or uncontrolled central nervous system involvement or signs of cord compression. In the case radiation therapy is indicated, the washout must be at least 14 days.
  • Patients must not have any other malignancies within the past 2 years except for in situ carcinoma of any site, adequately treated (without recurrence post resection or post radiotherapy) carcinoma of the cervix or basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin, or active non-life-threatening second malignancy that would not, in the investigator’s opinion, potentially interfere with the patient’s ability to participate and/or complete this trial. Examples include but are not limited to: urothelial cancer Grade Ta or T1 and adenocarcinoma of the prostate treated by active surveillance.
  • Presence of any other serious medical condition that may endanger the patient at investigator’s discretion, including but not limited to:
    • New York Heart Association Class III or IV heart failure
    • Myocardial infarction or stroke ≤ 26 weeks prior to CAR.70 NK cell infusion
    • Unstable angina within ≤ 13 weeks prior to CAR.70 NK cell infusion unless the underlying disease has been corrected by procedural intervention (e.g., stent, bypass)
    • Severe aortic stenosis
    • Uncontrolled arrhythmia. PI approval is required for patients with arrhythmia who may be included as an exception.
    • Congenital long QT syndrome. PI approval is required.
    • Documentation, during the screening process, of a QTc > 470 milliseconds by Fredericia criteria (QTcF) based on the average of 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) taken approximately 1 minute apart and all within 10 minutes of each other. The patient should be reclining for 5 minutes prior to ECGs. Local readings may be used for this exclusion criterion.
  • Major surgery < 4 weeks prior to first dose of lymphodepleting chemotherapy.
  • Concomitant use of other investigational agents.
  • Concomitant use of other anticancer agents.
  • Previously received any anti-CD70 therapy.
  • Patients receiving systemic steroid therapy at time of enrollment, with an exception for topical, ocular, intranasal, and inhaled corticosteroids, or systemic corticosteroids at an equivalent dose ≤ 10 mg of prednisone daily (physiological substitutive doses are allowed).
  • Received antithymocyte globulin within 14 days or Campath within 28 days of enrollment.
  • Patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
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